★☆☆☆ 22 互联汽车

A connected car is a car with Internet access as well as a wirelesslocal area network [1]. This allows the car to share Internet accesswith other devices both inside and outside the vehicle. Often, connectedcars come with music/audio playing, navigation, roadside assistance,voice commands, parking aid, engine controls, and problem diagnosis.The newer models take advantage of smartphone apps to allowinteraction with the car from anywhere. Drivers can remotely unlocktheir cars, find the location of their cars, or activate their climate controlsystems. But connected cars bring drivers more than just convenience.They help save time, money, the environment, and even lives [2].

More Efficient Traffic

Connected cars can utilize real-time traffic information to helptraffic move more efficiently. San Antonio, Texas, uses connected cartechnology and GPS to keep the city’s bus system on schedule andimprove traffic flow. According to a U. S. Department of Transportation(DOT) study, intersections with connected vehicle technology can lowertraffic delays by 17 percent.

Less Fuel Consumption

Connected cars use less gasoline. Better traffic flow means fewer stopsat intersections. Fewer stops on roads lead to less gasoline consumption.Less gasoline usage translates to less CO2 emissions.“According to recent statistics from Nationwide Insurance, the average urban commuter gets stuck in traffic an estimated 34 hours every year,and we waste 1.9 billion gallons of fuel,” said Ben Collar, director ofresearch and development for Siemens Road and City Mobility in Austin,Texas.

Fewer Accidents

Connected cars can help avoid accidents by directly communicatingwith other cars. According to the same DOT study, the use of connectedvehicle technology can help reduce car crashes by 83%.“Soon cars will be able to communicate with each other to avoid collisions,”Collar said. “The same will work for vehicle-to-infrastructuretechnology as cars will be able to communicate with roads and detecthazards such as pedestrians and downed trees.”

Money Savings

All these factors help drivers spend less time on roads and less moneyon fuel. Fewer accidents will result in lower auto insurance rates.Connected software can offer drivers additional savings.

“Manufacturers and service providers can remotely manage theembedded software in cars throughout the lifetime of the vehicle,”said Roger Ordman from the software company, Red Bends. “They canalso substantially lower software-related warranty costs and avoid theexpensive direct and indirect costs associated with product recalls.”

出处

1. Connected car, Wikipedia, http://goo.gl/vTl3zQ

2. How a “connected” car could save you money, http://goo.gl/NzGkTK

核心语法

学习# 句式3〈主语+help+ 宾语〉。help 后可以接# 动词原形或者# 不定式to 作# 宾语。

●●They help [to] save time. 它们有助于/节约时间。

●●They can help [to] avoid accidents. 它们有助于/避免交通事故。

●●The use of technology can help [to] reduce car crashes by 83%. 使用技术有助于/减少车辆碰撞/83%。

熟悉# 句式4〈主语+ 动词+ 间接宾语+ 直接宾语〉,# 句式4中使用的动词为# 授予动词(双宾动词),意为“使~,让~”。

●●A connected car saves you time. 互联汽车节约/让你/时间。

●●Connected cars bring drivers convenience. 互联汽车带来/给司机/方便。

●●Connected software can offer drivers additional savings. 互联汽车能提供/给司机/更多节约。

学习# 句式5〈主语+ 动词+ 宾语+ 宾补〉。例文将介绍〈主语+ 谓语〉关系的# 宾语和# 宾补。此时# 宾补的形态根据# 动词的变化而变化。allow 后加# 不定式to 作# 宾补。help 后可接#动词原形和# 不定式to。在阅读和听力训练中,只要掌握# 宾语和# 宾补的主谓关系即可;但在写作和会话训练中,还必须掌握各动词后接的# 宾补的形态。

●●This allows the car to share Internet access with other devices. 这让/车共享/网络/与其他设备。

●●Connected cars help traffic move more efficiently. 互联汽车有助于/让车流移动/更加顺畅。

●●These factors help drivers spend less time on roads. 这些要素有助于/司机花费/更少时间/在路上。

熟悉与数值相关的# 前置词by 的用法。by 表示手段或者方法时,意为“用~”;表示数值增加时,意为“~ 程度”。

●●Connected cars can help avoid accidents by directly communicating with other cars. 互联汽车有助于/避免交通事故/通过与其他车辆直接通信的方法。

●●It can lower traffic delays by 17 percent. 这能降低/交通堵塞/达17%。

●●The use of connected vehicle technology can help reduce car crashes by 83%. 互联汽车技术的使用有助于/减少车辆碰撞/达83%。

单词&短语

B as well as A 不仅A 而且 B

allow ~ to V 允许~ 做 V

share A with B 和 B 共享A

come with ~ 伴随~

navigation 导航

roadside assistance 道路救援

parking aid 停车辅助

diagnosis 诊断

take advantage of ~ 利用~

interaction with ~ 和~ 沟通

remotely 远程

unlock 解锁

activate 启动

climate control system 汽车空调系统

convenience 方便,便利

environment 环境

efficient 有效的

utilize 使用

real-time traffic information 实时交通信息

on schedule 按计划

traffic flow 车流量

U.S. department of transportation 美国

交通部

intersection 十字路口

traffic delay 交通堵塞

fuel consumption 燃料消耗

gasoline usage 耗油量

lead to ~ 导致~

translate to ~ 将~ 转换为

CO2 emission 二氧化碳排放量

statistics 统计,统计学

average urban commuter 普通上班族

get stuck 卡住

estimated 估计

waste 浪费

research and development 研发

技术术语

M2M(Machine to Machine)将数据从一台终端传送到另一台终端,也就是机器与机器的对话。互联汽车不仅需要车与车之间通信,还需要车与基础设施之间通信,主要使用M2M 通信技术。

根据提示完成句子

A connected car is a car / with _ __ /

互联汽车是一种车/ 带有网络/

as well as a _ __ _. /

及无线局域网。/

This allows the car / to _ _ _ / with other devices /

这让车辆/ 可以共享网络/ 与其他设备/

_ _ __. /

在车辆内外部。/

Often, / connected cars / music audio playing, / navigation, /

通常,/ 互联汽车具有/ 音乐播放、/ 导航、/

_ __, / voice commands, / _ _, /

道路救援、/ 语音控制、/ 停车辅助、/

engine controls, / and _ ___. /

引擎控制/和车辆诊断。

The newer models take advantage /

较新车型利用/

of smartphone apps / to allow _ the car /

智能手机应用/ 与车辆通信/

. / Drivers can __ their cars, /

在任何地方。/ 司机可以远程解锁车辆,/

__ __ of their cars, /

找到车辆的位置,/

or _ __ _ __ __. /

或者控制空调系统。/

But connected cars bring drivers / __. /

但互联汽车带给司机的/ 不仅仅是方便。/

They help / save / time, money, the environment, and even lives [2]. /

它们有助于/节约/时间、金钱,保护环境甚至生命。/

思考题

解答题

1 (理解) 以下哪一项不是互联汽车的优点?

a 高效的车辆移动 b 节约能源

c 预防事故 d 车价上涨

2 (理解) 以下哪一项不是互联汽车的功能?

a 导航 b 停车辅助

c 车辆诊断 d 赶走小偷

3 (论述) 简述互联汽车的经济效益。

4 (论述) 简述互联汽车减少交通事故的方法。

讨论

1 最近特斯拉宣布,只需升级软件,其旗下的特斯拉Model S即可增加高速公路自动驾驶功能。请简述这种与iPhone升级相关车型的优缺点。

2 请思考在车辆共享服务中,互联汽车受追捧的原因。

课堂总结

1 学习#不定式和#动名词作#宾语的#动词和例句。

2 学习#句式4和#授予动词例句。学习#句式3的转换。

3 学习#句式5中#宾补的形态和相关动词。

答案

1 d. 2 d. 3 节约燃料以节省费用。交通顺畅后节约时间(费用),事故减少后节约保险费(以及社会成本),允许软件下载,减少了产品召回成本。 4 因车辆之间可直接通信,所以可随时应对交通事故的发生。并且车辆和周边基础设施可以通信,能提前应对行人和障碍物等。

翻译

A Connected Car Saves You Time and Money

互联汽车

A connected car is a car / with Internet access / as well as a wireless local area network [1]. /

互联汽车是一种车/ 带有网络/ 及无线局域网。/

This allows the car / to share Internet access / with other devices / both inside and outside thevehicle. /

这让车辆/ 可以共享网络/ 与其他设备/ 在车辆内外部。/

Often, / connected cars come with / music audio playing, / navigation, /

通常,/ 互联汽车具有/ 音乐播放、/ 导航、/

roadside assistance, / voice commands, / parking aid, / engine controls, /

道路救援、/ 语音控制、/ 停车辅助、/ 引擎控制/

and problem diagnosis. / The newer models take advantage / of smartphone apps /

以及车辆诊断。/ 较新车型利用/ 智能手机应用/

to allow interaction with the car / from anywhere. / Drivers can remotely unlock their cars, /

与车辆通信/ 在任何地方。/ 司机可以远程解锁车辆,/

find the location of their cars, / or activate their climate control systems. /

找到车辆的位置/ 或者控制空调系统。/

But connected cars bring drivers / more than just convenience. / They help / save /

但互联汽车给司机带来的/ 不仅仅是方便。/ 它们有助于/ 节约/

time, money, the environment, and even lives [2]. /

时间、金钱,保护环境甚至生命。/

More Efficient Traffic / 更顺畅的交通

Connected cars can utilize real-time traffic information / to help traffic move /

互联汽车利用实时交通信息/ 让车辆移动/ 更加顺畅。/

more efficiently. / San Antonio, / Texas, / uses connected car technology /

圣安东尼奥/ 得克萨斯,/ 使用互联汽车技术/

and GPS to keep the city’s bus system / on schedule / and improve traffic flow. /

和GPS/ 维护城市的公交车系统/ 预计/ 并且改善交通状况。/According to a U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) study, /

依据美国交通部调查,/

intersections with connected vehicle technology / can lower traffic delays / by 17 percent. /

使用互联汽车技术的十字路口/ 能降低交通拥堵/ 达17%。/

Less Fuel Consumption / 较少的燃料消耗

Connected cars use less gasoline. / Better traffic flow means fewer stops /

互联汽车使用较少的汽油。/ 更顺畅的交通意味着可以少停车/

at intersections. / Fewer stops / on roads / lead to less gasoline consumption. /

在十字路口。/ 较少停车/ 在路上/ 导致汽油消耗较少。/

Less gasoline usage translates / to less CO2 emissions. /

汽油消耗变少/ 意味着二氧化碳排放量变少。/

“According to recent statistics / from Nationwide Insurance, /

“据最新统计/ 来自全美互惠保险的,/

the average urban commuter gets stuck / in traffic / an estimated 34 hours / every year, /

普通上班族被堵/ 在路上/ 约34 小时/ 每年,/

and we waste 1.9 billion gallons of fuel,” / said Ben Collar, /

并且我们浪费了19 亿加仑的汽油,”/ 本•科勒说,/

director of research and development for Siemens Road and City Mobility / in Austin, / Texas. /

西门子道路与城市交通研发主任/ 位于奥斯丁的/ 德克萨斯。

Fewer Accidents / 更少的交通事故

Connected cars can help / avoid accidents / by directly communicating / with other cars. /

互联汽车有助于/ 避免交通事故/ 通过直接通信/ 和其他车辆。/

According to the same DOT study, / the use of connected vehicle technology can help /

根据美国交通部的同一项调查,/ 互联汽车技术的使用有助于/

reduce car crashes / by 83%. /

减少车辆碰撞/ 达83%。/

“Soon cars will be able to communicate / with each other / to avoid collisions,” /

“很快车辆将能通信/ 彼此之间/ 以避免碰撞,”/

Collar said. / “The same will work / for vehicle-to-infrastructure technology /

科勒说。/“同样的技术将会适用于/ 车辆和基础设施/

as cars will be able to communicate / with roads / and detect hazards /

因为车辆将能够通信/ 与道路/ 并感知危险/

such as pedestrians / and downed trees.” /

例如行人/ 和倒下的树木。”/

Money Savings / 节约费用

All these factors help drivers / spend less time / on roads / and less money / on fuel. /

所有因素都有助于司机/ 节省时间/ 在路上的/ 和费用消耗/ 在燃料上的。/

Fewer accidents will result in lower auto insurance rates. /

较少的交通事故将导致较少的保险费用。/

Connected software can offer drivers / additional savings. /

互联汽车能提供/ 给司机/ 更多节约。/

“Manufacturers and service providers / can remotely manage the embedded software /

“制造商和服务供应商/ 可远程管理嵌入式软件/

in cars / throughout the lifetime / of the vehicle,” / said Roger Ordman /

车内的/ 在整个使用寿命期内/ 车辆的,”/ 罗杰•奥德曼说/

from the software company, / Red Bends. /

来自软件公司,/Red Bends。/

“They can also substantially lower software-related warranty costs /

“它们也可以相当程度上降低软件相关的保证金/

and avoid the expensive direct and indirect costs associated / with product recalls.”

并且避免直接和间接的高额费用/ 与产品召回相关的。”/

目录

  • 前言
  • 本书用法
  • 第一部分 安全/黑客攻击
  • ★★☆☆01 谷歌黑客精英
  • ★☆☆☆ 02 你的系统安全吗?
  • ★★☆☆ 03 我的联想笔记本也不安全吗?
  • ★☆☆☆ 04 需要立即变更4种Facebook 设置
  • ★★★☆ 05 病毒与恶意软件区别何在?
  • ★☆☆☆ 06 预装的众多计算机程序
  • 第二部分 无人机 / 机器人
  • ★★☆☆ 07 谷歌与Facebook 的空中争霸战
  • ★☆☆☆ 08 无人机的五种特色用途
  • ★★☆☆ 09 机器人记者的崛起
  • ★☆☆☆ 10 机器人比人类工作更出色!
  • ★★★☆ 11 五大知名人士的忧虑
  • ★★★☆ 12 经典语录之机器人篇
  • 第三部分 大数据
  • ★★★☆ 13 大数据,高收益
  • ★★★☆ 14 研发人员的招聘秘诀:以实力取胜
  • ★☆☆☆ 15 大数据之大
  • ★☆☆☆ 16 IBM 让城市更智慧
  • ★★☆☆ 17 天气预报公司跻身广告界翘楚
  • ★★☆☆ 18 经典语录之大数据篇
  • 第四部分 物联网
  • ★★★☆ 19 日益智能的路灯
  • ★★☆☆ 20 物联网时代的一天(上)
  • ★★☆☆ 21 物联网时代的一天(下)
  • ★☆☆☆ 22 互联汽车
  • ★☆☆☆ 23 衬衫预警心脏麻痹
  • ★★★☆ 24 经典语录之物联网篇
  • 第五部分 云
  • ★☆☆☆ 25 一切尽在云端!
  • ★★☆☆ 26 向非技术圈朋友解释云
  • ★★☆☆ 27 数值中反映的未来
  • ★★★☆ 28 警惕云计算风险
  • ★★☆☆ 29 常用云计算术语集锦
  • ★★★☆ 30 经典语录之云计算篇
  • 第六部分 实战
  • ★★★★ 31 维基百科上的相关叙述
  • ★★★★ 32 技术段子摘选
  • ★★★★ 33 白宫眼中的网络安全